Saccharomyces cerevisiae (yeast)

The bud­ding yeast Sac­cha­romyces cere­visi­ae is one of the major mod­el organ­isms for under­stand­ing cel­lu­lar and mol­e­c­u­lar process­es in eukary­otes. This sin­gle-celled organ­ism is also impor­tant in indus­try, where it is used to make bread, beer, wine, enzymes, and pharmaceuticals.The Sac­cha­romyces cere­visi­ae genome is approx­i­mate­ly 12 Mb, orga­nized in 16 chro­mo­somes.