File System

1 基本操作(文件和目录[目录是文件系统维护的特殊文件])

创建和删除文件
打开文件以进行读取和写入
在文件中搜索
关闭文件
创建目录以存储一组文件
列出目录内容
从目录中删除文件

2 Com­mon com­mand

blkid -U UUID
lsblk

3 fdisk

sudo fdisk -l
sudo fdisk /dev/sdb1

4 disks

5 par­ti­tion types

6 /etc/fstab

7 swap

8 ntfs­fix

ntfsfix  is a utility that fixes some common NTFS problems. 
ntfsfix is NOT a Linux version of chkdsk.

It only repairs some  fundamental  NTFSinconsistencies,  
resets  the  NTFS  journal file and schedules an NTFS 
consistency check for the first boot into Windows.

You may run ntfsfix on an NTFS volume if you think 
it  was  damaged  byWindows or some other way and 
it cannot be mounted.

9.

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