Bos taurus (Cattle)

Bos tau­rus (cow) is an agri­cul­tur­al­ly impor­tant ani­mal; beef and milk pro­duc­tion are the largest man­u­fac­tur­ing indus­tries in the Unit­ed States. The cow is an impor­tant mod­el organ­ism for health research in obe­si­ty, female health, and infec­tious dis­eases. Cow is also used in stud­ies of endocrinol­o­gy, phys­i­ol­o­gy and repro­duc­tive tech­niques. The cow genome will be use­ful for com­par­a­tive genomics, rep­re­sent­ing a non-pri­mate, non-rodent euthe­ri­an genome. The B. tau­rus genome is esti­mat­ed to be 3000 MB, orga­nized in 29 pairs of auto­somes and two sex chro­mo­somes. Bovine chro­mo­somes are acro­cen­tric.

cow

 Screenshot from 2016-12-28 17-15-04

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